The Foundation Voir & Entendre was created by decree of the Prime Minister on May 3 2007. Its founders are composed of five prestigious French institutions of international renown and two important foundations involved with visually and hearing impared persons:
- National Hospital Centre of Ophthalmology of the Quinze-Vingts
- National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM)
- Pierre and Marie Curie University (UPMC)
- National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS)
- Institut Pasteur
- French federation of the blind and visually impaired (FAF)
- Foundation Agir Pour l'Audition
The CHNO has a long and rich history.
It dates back to 1260, when King Louis IX of France built a hospice rue Saint Honoré to be able to care for the 300 poor blind people in Paris. At that time people counted in dozens or scores, therefore the name Quinze-Vingts (fifteen-twenty) (15 x 20 is 300). A chaplain was at the head of the small community in which these blind people lived. In 1780 Cardinal Louis de Rohan decided to transfer the institution rue de Charenton to the former barracks of the Queen’s Black Musketeers. In 1873 a dispensary was added to treat ocular diseases. There was also a clinic that gave free care to patients. This gave birth to the CHNO, as we know it today.
In the 20th Century modern life standards (hygiene, comfort…) lead to the destruction of this infrastructure and to the birth of the present hospital centre. The CHNO as we know it today was finished in 1974. The only relics from the former era are the entrance porch to the Musketeer barracks and the chapel.
Today the CHNO is the biggest hospital structure in continental Europe dedicated to ocular pathologies. It brings together over 200 ophthalmologists who give over 150000 external consultations a year, carry out more than 13000 surgical operations and the biggest number of surgical acts on the retina.
With the opening, at the beginning of March 2008, of the Vision Institute, managed by Pr José-Alain Sahel, the CHNO and its partners (INSERM, PMCU) have contributed towards giving French research one of the biggest centres in the world devoted entirely to eye diseases. All major partners necessary for therapeutic innovation are concentrated on one site, from fundamental research to treatment given to the visually impaired patients.
Created in 1964, the National Institute of Health and Medical Research is a state run establishment with scientific and technological characteristics. The Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Research run it jointly.
The INSERM is the only French public organisation to focus entirely on human health. Its researchers are committed to studying all diseases, whether common or rare. Their works include biological research as well as medical and public health research. The INSERM’s first mission is to facilitate the relations between fundamental, clinical, therapeutic and public health research.
To achieve this mission, the institute set up, from the outset, close partnerships with other research institutes, both state run and private, also with hospitals. Today 80% of the 335 INSERM Research laboratories are to be found within teaching hospitals or cancer treatment centres. The others are located on CNRS campuses or those of the Pasteur and Curie Institutes.
13 000 people, 6000 of which are researchers, work in the 335 research centres.
The Pierre and Marie Curie University is today France’s cutting edge in science and medicine.
Bringing together researchers and students (4000 researchers and 300 teaching-researchers, 3000 engineers, technicians, administrative and service staff and 31000 students) this university is today France’s first in its particular field, the sixth European university in the Shanghai classification and 39th in the world.
The PMCU offers various study programs (science and technology, international masters, joint courses with Sciences Po and the Sorbonne). It also invests in different research fields (modelisation and engineering, energy, environment, health and biology, mathematics, chemistry etc).
The PMCU has also set up different scientific collaborations with the most prestigious universities in the world and has created several international chairs.
The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (National Center for Scientific Research) is a public organization under the responsibility of the French Ministry of Education and Research. Founded in 1939 by governmental decree, the CNRS has the following missions: To evaluate and carry out all research capable of advancing knowledge and bringing social, cultural, and economic benefits for society, to contribute to the application and promotion of research results, to develop scientific information, to support research training, to participate in the analysis of the national and international scientific climate and its potential for evolution in order to develop a national policy.
The Institut Pasteur is a private, non-lucrative foundation and its mission is to help, prevent and treat mostly infectious diseases, through research, teaching and public health actions.
Since its creation in 1888 the Institut Pasteur has devoted itself to three important missions: research, public health and teaching.
This biomedical research centre has positioned itself at the cutting edge of science but still remains loyal to its founder’s, Louis Pasteur, humanist spirit. The centre has also seen the birth of several major disciplines: cradle of microbiology, the centre was also active at the beginnings of immunology and molecular biology.
The Institut Pasteur is not only a private foundation but is also present throughout the world. The Pasteur Institutes are present on the 5 continents and have 8500 employees, therefore making it a unique structure in the world.
The French federation of the blind and visually impaired was created by blind people in 1917. The federation wanted to improve the moral, intellectual and social status of the blind in France and abroad (first article of the Status). It was directed to the public benefit in August 1921.
Its main task is to help the blind and visually impaired live their everyday life as normally as possible in a society that can be very hostile.
The federation is made up of 21 associations and 19 groups of sympathizers present in France and the French Overseas. The federation undertakes different projects to help the visually impaired: daily social assistance, employment assistance, guide dog attribution and helping visually impaired children feel integrated, etc.
For more than 20 years now the federation has actively supported research: more than 100 grants have been distributed, numerous projects have been supported and in particular those of the Institut de la Vision.
Agir Pour l'Audition is a leading player in hearing health, working with the general public and supporting professionals involved in improving this important field.
Rare disease day 2017
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